Animal Stories - American Guinea Pig


Animal-World Information about: American Guinea Pig

   The fabulous docile "Guinea Pig" is neither a pig nor is it from Guinea!
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Eleanor - 2007-04-02
The basics about the care of guinea pigs:

Guinea pigs need at least five hours every day on grass in a reasonably sized, covered partially (with plastic or wood; for shade and for protection) chicken wire run, regardless if it's rainy or sunny. It's essential to put a small box with woodshavings and hay inside the run, so they can sleep during the daytime.
At night, you may choose whether to have a large outdoor cage, or a large box in the house to house your guinea pigs in. Indoor cags can be obtained, but these are rarely big enough for the guinea pig, and are widely impractical. In any case, shelter should have the essentials;
newspaper/magazines- to absorb any leakage or liquid waste.
woodshavings- to absorb any liquid. These should thickly cover the newspaper.
Hay- bedeck shelter with this bedding material in excess. This is a staple food, bedding, and even toy for guinea pigs.
Food bowl- containing plenty of fresh dry food.
Selection of fresh fruit and vegetables.
Food plays a large part in your guinea pigs life. Hay, grass, dry food, and carrots are needed in large amounts by any domestic guinea pig. (water is not neccesary, contrary to popular belief. Guinea pigs often do not utilise water bottles or water bowls; instead, source their water from foods such as tomato, lettuce, celery, or cucumber- guinea pigs will respond enthusiasticly to these in comparison with other hydrating techniques.)
Fresh food that is great for guinea pigs includes-
carrots, apple, pear, clery, sprouts, cabbage, turnip, grass, lettuce, leaves, plum, berries, etcetera.
You'll find that guinea pigs have wise judgement, and won't go near anything that they don't like or that is remotely harmful to them. Some guinea pigs are very fussy with food; don't indulge them in their fussiness, as this will lead to later inconveniences and fussy preferences. Instead, give them as much of that particular food as you would under usual circumstances; they will then eat it gladly and get used to it, whilst being well nourished. Of course, be sure to accurately draw the line between giving them harmful food as opposed to food that they simply don't like.
Give them three choices of fresh food every evening, and refill their food bowl with dry food whenever the level goes past halfway down the bowl. Some brands of dry food which I find appealing to guinea pigs are
Supa Guinea dry food
Wagg Guinea pig
Gerty Guinea pig dry food
Brush your guinea pig's coat every week, and bathe them gently every two months to mantain ultimate standards for your guinea pig's looks.
Guinea pig brushes can easily be bought from a local pet shop, but a large toothbrush or soft bristle brush will be equally substantial.
To bath a guinea pig;
A guinea pig can be bathed in either a full size bath, a sink, or a basin.
It would be unhygienic to bath guinea pigs in a sink, but would give them added security to be bathed in a small space.
Basins are ideal, since they comfort the guinea pig because of its confined space, and are clean for guinea pigs to use.
A bath will be good for releasing guinea pig's pent up energy, but they'll be more frightened in such a large space, it will waste water, and be unhygienic.
Guinea pigs will be scared during bathtime, and will often try to either jump out or cling onto one's hand. This is no cause for concern. They will recover completely if placed in a warm, comforting hay box with plently of care, attention, and special treat foods, such as banana (don't give them this as a regular food, as it doesn't wear down their teeth well enough, and is too sweet for them to eat on a regular basis).
First, buy some guinea pig shampoo/ mild tea tree shampoo fro any chemist's or pet shop. Hsve a large, fluffy towel ready, and a brush.
Fill the {basin} {3/4} of the way full (depending on the size of the guinea pig) with tepid water. Place the guinea pig in it gently, yet firmly. Lather your guinea pigs coat with a small squeeze of shampoo. Do not lather any further then the ears, and take especial care not to get any soap in the mouth, eyes, ears, or nose. Rinse with plenty of warm water so that no soap suds or traces of shampoo are left in his coat. Lift the guinea pig out, onto a towel, and roll it around him, so that it looks like an Egyptian mummy. This covers his fur evenly on all sides, and makes him feel protected. Cuddle your guinea pig, stroke it, rub him gently, and talk to it comfortingly. This will put your guinea pig at ease.
Most guinea pigs love to be brushed after their bath, but some will sqeauk with the unfamiliar sensation. More often the not, you will not be hurting your guinea pig as you are brushing him. Brush with steady, even strokes that sopan the length of his body.
Finally, guinea pigs need to be paid much attention. They must be handled, stroked, and talked to, every day. This developes their sociable tendencies and affectionate nature. If you get to know your guinea pig well enough, it will feel comfortable enough to run towards you, purr, or sqeauk when it sees or hears you; it will fall asleep on your lap; it will take food from you; it won't be scared of you; it will recognize you; it will lick you, and, most importantly, develop a relationship with you.

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  • Lindsey - 2014-10-04
    that was helpfull
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Joy - 2014-09-13
I have four and I want to know way to keep my guinea pig litter dry because every time they drink out of a water bottle it leaks and I am afraid of letting them drink out of the bowl because they have one or two babies in the cage I don't want babies to drown supposed to do.

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  • Clarice Brough - 2014-09-14
    You may want to get another water bottle, but a tip, don't use cold water. Tepid water tends to not leak as readily whereas cold water often will.
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Rachel - 2008-01-01
Your site is very helpful - thank you! Just a quick note on Vitamin C, I have had guinea pigs since I was young. My very first guinea pig, Brownie, became sick due to vitamin C definciency. I brought him to the vets who told me to give him orange juice and gave him about 4 months to live. I not only put the OJ in his water bottle daily but taught him to drink the juice out of a bowl. He loved it and lived a good 2 years longer than the vet forcasted. I adopted him as an adult so I am not sure of his exact age when he died. Every guinea pig since then has been on "OJ". You obviously can't keep it very long in a water bottle because it will sour but if you get the guinea pig to drink out of a bowl, he will drink it as a "treat", even variations of the juice like orange/banana, etc. Just make sure it is pure juice and not sugar.

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  • Joy - 2014-09-13
    I have four guinea pigs and I don't know why but for the past two litters my female his head either all or almost all the baby's die
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Lily Richards - 2014-07-05
Hi I'm Lily. I am only eleven and I really want to get a guinea pig. I have researched them and know how to take care of them because I babysit other peoples pigs. I am very sure I want to get one…. but I don't know which one I would like to get, American or Abyssinian? I would like them to be friendly and be okay with cuddling….but not super noisy or smelly. Have any advice? Please respond. ps: I am looking for a decent guinea pig cage for $15 or less…..anybody know where I could get one? Thanks for reading, bye!

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  • Clarice Brough - 2014-07-22
    Guinea Pigs are great pets, no matter what breed you get, and it sounds like you are going to be a good keeper for one. Check with your local pet store, guinea pigs are just about alway available, and they should have a variety to choose from. Pick the one that attracts you the most, just keep in mind that if it is a long-haired type, it will need regular grooming (which is fun too!).
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jessica - 2004-07-31
When i was about 9 years old, i got a baby female guinea pig. I named her Mollie just for the heck of it. She is an abbi-haired guinea pig. I already had an elderly guinea pig named Gorjet. I got her and rescued her from an irresponsible adult. I am a kid and took better care of her. Then she died and Mollie is about 3-4 years old. Now that mollie needs a friend, I am going to get her two little friends named Spunky and Abbi. She is going to love it. I am even more. If my mom would let me, and we had enough money, I would take every gp in the rescues, shelters, and petshops. When I get older I am going to be a guinea pig breeder, and a darn good one too.

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  • brooke - 2013-05-18
    I am 10 but I got my guinea pig when I was 9 to. I have a female she Is 1. I named her Sammy. Bye now thx for reading ;) aka Morgan
  • Sara - 2014-05-12
    Please read up on guinea pig breeding. Many guinea pigs in shelters come from very responsible breeders who give their pigs to 'good homes'. These people dump their pigs in a shelter after a couple of months. Many female pigs don't survive birth. It is a 20% death rate. Also, what happens if you get to man babies to handle? Or one is born with birth defects? Will you pay for the cost of the almost dead pig? Guinea pigs cost alot too. Are you really willing to pay thousands of dollars every year? Do you have time for a newborn liter if the mom dies? My grand mother and mother went through this. They said the saddest part was seeing the newborn guinea pigs watch their mother die. Would you be ready for this? I am twelve and I am doing a project. Please take this comment into consideration.
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Anonymous - 2013-07-13
I don't have a guinea pig but I love them. I have a baby boy hamster named Rory, before we got Rory my sister had a girl hamster named Creamy. I love animals and want to be a vet when I am older. I want to be a vet and hamster/ guinea pig breeder.

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  • Jasmine Brough Hinesley - 2013-07-14
    A veterinarian is an awesome thing to be when you grow up! Good luck and don't give up!
  • yolanda - 2014-01-17
    i love this animal
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Leslie - 2013-06-14
I have A Guinea Pig Named Chloe. Just To Note That Guinea Pigs Should Have The Proper Bedding. Pine Hurts There Feet, Carefresh Makes IT Smell, Aspen Has Dust,Fleece Stinks! I Strongly Would NOT Recommend IT. I Use Recycled Paper Bedding And IT Last A Long Time. Thanks For Reading!

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Amigo - 2012-12-28
Are guinea pigs easy to litter box train? I want to get one but need it to be at least mostly trained. Thanks

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  • Jeremy Roche - 2012-12-28
    They are actually fairly easy to train as long as you are consistant.
  • Susie - 2013-02-28
    Amigo, No they are not easy to litter box train! It is very difficult to get a guinea pig to poo in one place and virtually impossible to train them to poo in a litter box. Any owner will tell you that they go everywhere! Don't get a guinea pig if you're not prepared to clean up the mess. You need to be fully aware of what you are letting yourself in for before committing to any pet. A pet is for life and is a big commitment.
  • chelsea - 2013-03-20
    My sister and I share two guinea pigs and have no problem cleaning up after them. We spot clean about every other day and fully clean the cage on Sunday.
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Maria Gilbert - 2012-12-23
The American Guinea-pig is an absolutely gorgeous, and extra ordinary creature.

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Pj - 2012-01-04
I need to know exactly how much the guiniea pigs are!!!!!

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  • Alex Burleson - 2012-01-04
    It varies from place of purchase. Most large pet retailers such as PetSmart, or Petco sell them for $20-30. However, I have found them cheaper at privately owned pet stores for $15.00.
  • dalia garza - 2012-08-14
    Hello my name is Dalia. And I'm a first time breeder with only one cute and adorable guinea pig who I love very very much. My pet guinea pigs name is Bugzie Casper, he's all white with light brown patches on the left side of his but I found out that he's half albino and half kaliko.
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