Animal Stories - Freshwater Aquarium Setup and Maintenance


Animal-World Information about: Freshwater Aquarium Setup and Maintenance

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mark - 2011-02-16
Hi I have an oranda goldfish in an aquarium but since we have had seems to want to lay on its side or will stay very still upside down could anybody help with this?

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Joe - 2011-02-11
My tank is all foggy. My nitrites are at 0, my nitrates are at and ammo is at 0. I set the tank up in nov 2010. I have 10 fish. I did a water change on the 4th of feb and I cannot get the tank to clear up. O I changed the filter cartridges also. Did I not let the tank cycle completely ?

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jen - 2011-01-18
Can anyone advise why the freshwater water in my aquarium goes cloudy? I have cleaned it several times but the same happens. It has a filter & its about 40 litres.
It has been fine for a few years but now this has started. We use food from a pet shop. Thanks.

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  • Ken - 2011-01-30
    Try these two websites. They should help a little. http://www.suite101.com/content/how-to-get-rid-of-cloudy-aquarium-water-a174221
    http://freshaquarium.about.com/cs/waterconditions/a/cloudywater.htm
    Basically what they explain is that you need to buy a tap water conditioner such as Stress Coat or Start Right. Since you have cleaned it several times it probably isn't residue or such from the gravel or bacteria. Since it hasn't happened before, it is probably a change in your water. Maybe your water has too much nitrate in it or too much chlorine. The water conditioner would take care of that. Good Luck!
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TERESA - 2010-12-25
We have a 29 gallon freshwater tank that has been set up a year. We started it and for almost the whole year we used well water. We have an undergravel filter with a power head and also a charcoal cartridge with an air stone on the other side. There are 2 live plants also. The problem is the ph started to rise and the water turned very acidic. When i talked to a fish store owner he tested the water and said that the nitrates were off the chart and that we had old tank syndrome. We did a water change of 60% and added city water. For a couple of days everything was fine then it started to turn again. I have tried everything i can think of and can't figure out why the water is so acidic. We still use city water on water changes and treat the water with a chlorine neutralizer. To compound the problem we have a bad case of blackbeard algae. I was told of a combination of fish to put in the tank that would eat this type of algae (siamese algae eater, flag fish, nerite snails) so we bought them. . . . . . . . . . . . They all died overnight. . . . . . . . . Needless to say that was a very expensive attempt to control this form of algae. ( my mom is ready to give up! )
i would really like to get her tank back together as she sits and watches them constantly since we set it up last year for her mother's day gift. . . . . . . . Please help if you can.

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vikram singh - 2010-12-05
I'm making an aquarium 2 feet by 2 feet by 2 feet in size. I don't know anything about fish except reading articles on net. I have short listed ehim or sera 200w heater, boyu submersible filter sp-102 ub (.Features :Biochemical cotton nitrifier to improve water quality.
Anti-friction, alumina porcelain axie; rustless,suitable for salt and fresh water.
Permanent magnetic synchronous machine; efficient energy consumption.
Internal excess current and overheating protection.
ABS plastic coated body, durable construction, non-corroding.
Multiple application-able to pump and filter water, spray oxygen.
Specification :
Volt - AC230/115V, Freq - 50/60Hz, UVLIGHT - 5W/AC12V ,Power - 27W,HMax - 1.2m ,QMax - 1400L/h , Size - 216x100x379
Should I put a hang on filter also I like to have rivulet sound (waterfall sound).
Should I put an extra oxygen pump? What else should I put to make my aquarium safe ..the limit is it should be submersible I cannot put anything external ...
what are the best fishes which aer good looking to start with and how?

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joseph raniolo - 2010-09-04
How often should the tank be cleaned and do I need to empty it every time

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  • alex - 2010-09-07
    You do not need to empty the tank every time. That is very BAD. You should be doing a 25 percent water change every week, getting at least half of the poop from the bottom each time. You don't need to be vacuuming vigorously. If a decoration becomes nasty take it out and clean it one at a time (basically one every month). If you clean all the decorations at once, you'll loose all the good bacteria that has settled onto it. That could have a negative effect on your water quality.
  • Jason - 2010-10-25
    You should NEVER empty your tank completely when you clean it. Clean it every 4 to 6 weeks doing a 15% to 20% water change when you do. You should also change your filter cartridge at this time. You can purchase a tank vacuum to do this change and at the same time clean the gravel. Your local PetSmart will demonstrate how to do this. About every 3 months you can remove some of the gravel and clean it as well.
    Just going by these basic and easy steps you will have a healthy tank. Tetra.com also has a program to sign up with that will keep track of your tanks cycles, filter changes and cleaning time for you. They will send you an email when it's time to do something. It's REALLY neat. They also have a question area that you can type an issue or question into and they will get back to you within 24 hours.
  • Jack Carter - 2010-11-29
    If you do regular 'maintenance' , you should never have to clean your tank right out unless you have some major disaster. If you have a very small tank or bowl, even then you don't need to empty it right out. Do regular partial water changes (about 1/5th every fortnight is good) or twice weekly for a large bowl, scrape the glass clean, stir the gravel gently here and there and try and suck out as much debris, dead leaves etc. As you can and renew and clean your filter monthly, but always leave some 'old' stuff in it when you do that. The 'old' bacteria start a new colony immediately. Clean things out with aquarium water, not tap water as well. If you do all these things, you should never have to empty your tank completely.
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R Sarvard - 2010-08-26
It is really important to know the basics in setting up and maintaining an aquarium especially for beginners. In this way, fishes would remain lively and healthy all the time. I would love to share some more thoughts with you at my site, http://www.fishworks4u.com. Hope to hear from you soon.Thanks!

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  • Md. quamruzzaman - 2010-11-22
    Why black moor, angel die in the winter? How I take care of them?
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sandra.hawkins - 2010-10-25
Hi I had a fantail which suddenly died I think it was old age how old can they live to?

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tasrieq - 2010-07-30
How do I know if my aquarium is toxic, my aquarium gravel and stuff were in the garage now when I put fish into the tank they only live for two days are the tank toxic please give advice as what to do?

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  • shaymin - 2010-08-13
    What I would recommend is that you empty out your aquarium then rise all of the gravel and decorations thoroughly place them back in the tank and use a water conditioner that makes the tank safe for your fish. The toxicity in your tank will be reduced and your fish will live longer.
  • Iszach - 2010-08-31
    First off hi, I would say the only real way you could tell if your tank and gravel are toxic is by going back and asking yourself what kinds of items might have been around your tank like say you park your car in your garage maybe the exhaust might have gotten a little to close and could have poisoned the fish tank leaving it ''toxic''. Another possibility is that yes everybody will find some kind of pest in their garage at one point like a rat or a roach that's not anything to feel bad about it happens no matter how far we go with prevention and while you may have not known some type of pest may have had a toxin or chemical that rubbed off and could have made your tank toxic. Now I'm not saying you have rats or eww! you have roaches I'm saying its a fair possibility:) even if one of your fish were sick that may have spread to the new family and that could have resulted in there death. In the future I would suggest after an aquarium get rid of old supplies and start fresh on a new family of fish with fresh supplies. This type of stuff happens right? I hoped I answered your question and good luck on your next family of fish:). Best wishes and many happy fish.
  • Summer - 2010-09-18
    I'm 100% with Alex on this one. But you should to a full test to see if it is a proper environment. Petco will test the water free for you, or kits are available for $10-20 that do pH, amonia, nitrate, all that good stuff. Assuming everything was properly cleaned & the tank cycled before introduction of fish, this will help you know what the culprit is. Also, you may want to start with durable fish such as mollies to start a tank up. The 29G I started a few months ago only had 1 molly, 1 gold algae eater, 2 red wag platties, and 2 black skirt tetras to start after cycling. Almost all are still with me (one platty came with ick that EXPLODED within 48hrs & molly died giving birth to 22 babies).
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todd - 2010-09-06
I want to know if a betta can live with tetras, will both species live together in a 55 gallon tank and no one killing the other?

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  • alex - 2010-09-07
    With Bettas You want to get colors opposite of yours. So if your betta is blue...stay away from any blue tetras. Tetras are good with bettas, as long as it is NOT neon tetras. For some reason, no matter the color of the betta, it always finds those guys like snacks. You need to be more worried about the flow of the tank, because if it is too strong you could end up killing your betta. But yes, with the right ones, everyone can live happily. :)
  • annette - 2010-09-15
    Bettas do great in a community tank as long as you do NOT have any other fish with long fins or tails. They will attach them, i.e. fancy guppies, angels, long fin tetras, etc.
  • Anonymous - 2010-09-18
    Yes, they can. My betta lives with 2 blackskirts in a 29G as well as plenty of other critters & fish, all getting along swimmingly. (Bad, I know) Bettas usually are only combative with other Bettas (not just other males, they tend to beat their women, too!) or sometimes other "peaceful" but fiesty fish like Gouramis.
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